We end with a summary of the common characteristics of case study research and a table that brings together the fundamental elements that we found common in all case study approaches to research.
Each methodology is unique in approach depending on the ontological and epistemological stance, however all stem from the motivation to explore, seek understanding, and establish the meaning of experiences from the perspective of those involved ibid. There are two major reasons why we can not make cause and effect statements.
The final reason to sample is that testing may be destructive. Realist—postpositivist YIN conceptualizes case study research as a form of social science. He does not use the terms methodology or strategy.
Research Methods To understand the use of statistics, one needs to know a little bit about experimental design or how a researcher conducts investigations. Quasi-experiments may result from studying the differences between naturally formed groups ie.
Elements which should not be included in my population and sample appear on my sampling list. Student performance in case discussions is usually evaluated, and is a significant factor in assessing overall performance in the course.
If the two objects are then stuck together into one, this object will have double the weight and will according to the Aristotelian view therefore fall faster than the two individual objects. After a few months of study, the researchers could then see if the wellness site had less absenteeism and lower health costs than the non-wellness site.
When a study uses pre-existing groups that are not naturally formed, the variable that is manipulated between the two groups is an independent variable With the exception of no random assignment, the study looks similar in form to a true experiment.
Case selection and structure[ edit ] An average, or typical case, is often not the richest in information. If our strata were religious affiliation, stratified sampling would ensure sampling from every religious block or grouping.
Populations and Samples When conducting research, one must often use a sample of the population as opposed to using the entire population.
A little knowledge about methodology will provide us with a place to hang our statistics. In some cases, the instructor may adopt a particular view, and challenge the students to respond. Cluster sampling makes up the final sampling procedure. As stated previously, the control group will provide us with a baseline for comparison.
There are five major sampling procedures. Thus, individuals who volunteer to participate in an exersise study may be different that individuals who do not volunteer. These include observational research, correlational research, true experiments, and quasi-experiments.
They allow students to step into the shoes of decision-makers in real organizations, and deal with the issues managers face, with no risk to themselves or the organization involved. Qualitative and Quantitative Methods: If enough focus groups are conducted and participants are considered representative of the target audience, a survey questionnaire may be administered either before or after the focus group to collect numerical data as well.
This provides students the flexibility and confidence to deal with a variety of tasks and responsibilities in their careers. Case studies continued to be used during this time, however usually as a method within quantitative studies or referred to as descriptive research to study a specific phenomenon MERRIAM, If a difference is found between the pretest and posttest, it might be due to the experimental treatment but it might also be due to any other event that subjects experienced between the two times of testing for example, a historical event, a change in weather, etc.
This positioning reflects the axiology of postpositivism where maintaining intellectual honesty, managing bias, and acknowledging limitations, coupled with meticulous data collection and accurate reporting are critical elements in the conduct of research KILLAM, ; YIN, When an individual asks, "Is this study valid?
The biggest advantage of the naturalistic method of research is that researchers view participants in their natural environments.
However it was Galileo's view that was the subject of doubt as it was not reasonable enough to be the Aristotelian view. While objectivity is a goal, YIN also recognizes the descriptive and interpretive elements of case study.
References Andreasen AR MILLS distinguishes methods as procedures and techniques employed in the study, while methodology is the lens through which the researcher views and makes decisions about the study. A case discussion may end with the instructor or a student summarizing the key learning points or 'takeaways' of the session.
A case is selected because it is interesting in itself or can facilitate the understanding of something else; it is instrumental in providing insight on an issue STAKE, Case series and Case reports consist of collections of reports on the treatment of individual patients or a report on a single patient.
Because they are reports of cases and use no control groups to compare outcomes, they have little statistical validity. Dec 27, · How to Do a Case Study.
In this Article: Article Summary Planning an Academic Case Study Conducting Academic Case Study Research Writing a Marketing Case Study Community Q&A Many fields require their own form of case study, but they are most widely used in academic and business contexts.
Case Study Research and Applications: Design and Methods [Robert K. Yin] on kaleiseminari.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Recognized as one.
A business case study research is a complex training based on the conditions of real-life economic, social and business situations. A supervisor offers a task to a team, which implies finding solutions for the optimization of the enterprise on the concrete terms of a real-life financial and industrial situation.
Case study methodology has long been a contested terrain in social sciences research which is characterized by varying, sometimes opposing, approaches espoused by many research methodologists.
Despite being one of the most frequently used qualitative research methodologies in educational research, the methodologists do not have a full. CHAPTER 1. A (VERY) BRIEF REFRESHER ON THE CASE STUDY METHOD 5 different research methods, including the case study method, can be determined by the kind of research question that a study is trying to address (e.g., Shavelson.Download